The Swahili language is a language widely spoken in East Africa. In the language, its name is Kiswahili. It is a Bantu language.
6 Interesting Facts About The Swahili Language You Probably Didn’t Know About
Swahili is spoken in a wide area from southern Somalia to northern Mozambique and in all of KenyaTanzania and Burundi. Congo has five million first-language speakers and fifty million second-language speakers. Swahili has become a language with which people communicate within East Africa and the surrounding areas. Swahili language to be spoken by the Swahili people, who live on the coast of East Africa and on the islands near the coast, including Zanzibarwhich is now a part of Tanzania.
Swahili is an official language in Tanzania and Kenya. It has been influenced by many other languages like Arabic. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Kiswahili. Language family. Writing system. Guthrie code. New Updated Guthrie List Online. This short article can be made longer. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Namespaces Page Talk. Views Read Change Change source View history. Wikimedia Commons. LatinArabic. Baraza la Kiswahili la Taifa Tanzania. Areas where Swahili is spoken.Kenya is a multilingual country.
The Bantu Swahili language and Englishthe latter being inherited from colonial rule see British Kenyaare widely spoken as lingua franca. They serve as the two official working languages.
Including second-language speakers, there are more speakers of Swahili than English in Kenya. According to Ethnologuethere are a total of 68 languages spoken in Kenya. This variety is a reflection of the country's diverse population that includes most major ethnoracial and linguistic groups found in Africa see Languages of Africa. Most languages spoken locally belong to two broad language families: Niger-Congo Bantu branch and Nilo-Saharan Nilotic branchspoken by the country's Bantu and Nilotic populations, respectively.
The Cushitic and Arab ethnic minorities speak languages belonging to the separate Afroasiatic family, with the Hindustani and British residents speaking languages from the Indo-European family.
Kenya's various ethnic groups typically speak their mother tongues within their own communities. The two official languagesEnglish and Swahiliare used in varying degrees of fluency for communication with other populations.Lovesick fool lyrics the cab
British English is primarily used in Kenya. Additionally, a distinct local dialect, Kenyan Englishis used by some communities and individuals in the country, and contains features unique to it that were derived from local Bantu languages such as Kiswahili and Kikuyu. English is widely spoken in commerce, schooling and government.Obrazy na stenu kvety
SIL Ethnologue reports the largest communities of native speakers in Kenya as follows:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Mythology and folklore.
What Languages Are Spoken In Kenya?
Traditional art Wangechi Mutu. Swahili literature. Music and performing arts. Kenya Law Reports. Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Retrieved 23 April University of California. Archived from the original on 26 December Retrieved 8 August Culturegrams: World Edition.
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Simpson Languages of Kenya. English Swahili.British Broadcasting Corporation Home. Check the Swahili-only version. Swahili has official language status in Tanzania and Kenya and is also widely spoken in Ugandathe Democratic Republic of Congo and the Comoros Islands. The name comes from the plural sawahili of the Arabic word sahilwhich means boundaries or coast. With ki- at the beginning of the word, Kiswahili means coastal language. In English it means an expedition to observe, hunt animals in their natural habitats e.
National Parks in Africa or even Australia. Swahili is said to be the easiest African language for an English speaker to learn. Someone who speaks Arabic may find it easier to learn Swahili because Swahili is a combination of words from Arabic and the Bantu-speaking communities of East Africa. One of the main differences with English is that Swahili uses particles at the beginning of the word to indicate verb tense present, past, future and person I, you, we, they, etc.
Ni indicates I and na the present tense. Wale wari wa Liwale wala wali wa Liwali Those from Liwale eat the rice of chief Liwale Here Liwale is both a district in Tanzania and the name of a chief. Mjomba mjomba kamchapa mkia wa komba Uncle beats someone with a tail of a bush baby. Kichwa cha twiga. Mpishi mbishi kapika mchicha mbichi. A chef has cooked spinach that turned out undercooked. Kikusikitishacho is the longest word in Swahili.
Mtoto alitumwa gazeti la tarehe nane 8akaenda kwa muuza magazeti kununua gazeti lakini alipofika alikuta gazeti la tarehe nane hakuna kwa hiyo akachukua magazeti ya tarehe nne 4 mawili. A kid was told to go buy a newspaper dated 8th.
This is due to more than twelve centuries of contact with Arabic-speaking inhabitants of the coast of Zanj.Dont hide meaning in hindi
Swahili has also gained PersianEnglishPortugueseGerman and French words through contact during the last five centuries. Swahili is becoming the lingua franca of East Africa and many parts of Central Africa, which is another useful reason to learn some.Polytec compact laminate cinder
It can refer to milk but sometimes Swahili speakers also use it as a word for breast. Hakuna matata is the most popular quote and means no worries.
The phrase gained international recognition after it was used in the animated movie The Lion King. They are often used in the lyrics of local musicians. Hakuna masika yasiyokuwa na mbu Literal translation: There isn't a rainy season without mosquitoes Meaning: With anything good comes something that is bad. Haraka haraka haina baraka Literal translation: Hurry, hurry has no blessing Meaning: Haste makes waste.
Wapiganapo tembo wawili ziumiazo nyasi Literal translation: When two elephants fight it's the grass that gets hurt Meaning: When the rich and powerful contend with each other it is the weak and powerless who pay the price. Letters written in in the region of Kilwa are believed to be the first ever documents to be written in Swahili. These letters were sent to the Portuguese people of Mozambiqueas well as local allies.Are you familiar with some Swahili words or phrases like Jambo and Hakuna Matata?
I'd like to show you how to learn Swahili. Image credit: raymondsanti. And I think you you might want to consider giving this language a shot yourself.
Swahili is a Bantu African origin language with a large Arabic influence. It also includes some loan words from languages such as English, German, and Portuguese. It originated on the East African coast due to a rich and diverse history of trading and cultural exchange between Arabic nations, coastal Africans, and Europeans.
Swahili is spoken by an estimated 90 million people in Africa alone, and is the most widely-spoken African language. For example, a singular teacher is mwalimu and multiple teachers are walimu.
One shoe is kiatubut many shoes are viatu. Another different concept is that of telling time. In Swahili language and culture, the day begins at a. Therefore, a. Many other differences exist that will help to expand your perspective of how language functions, and how this can be reflected in the culture. Where is Swahili spoken?Bandar seri begawan airport lounge
Across East Africa. And that's something else about Swahili that I find interesting. If they are from different tribes and grew up speaking different native languages, they would need to use English or pidgin as a common second language. Meanwhile, in Kenya, and throughout East Africa, people can communicate using a shared African language, that has much in common with their own native languages. As Fluent in 3 Months founder Benny has mentioned many timesspeaking the local language gives you special access to certain aspects of the culture.
I was able to live with the women and their children and become fully immersed in their lifestyle, a truly special experience. Because the village was rather isolated from any big cities or cosmopolitan centers, English was very rarely spoken. Most of the villagers spoke Kisamburu, their mother tongue, but quite a few knew Swahili as well.
Because of my proficiency in basic Swahili, I was able to communicate with them, and we formed quite strong bonds. The language barrier is so real when it comes to forging friendships or even just being understood.
I was able to have such a great experience in this village because of my ability to communicate with the women in our shared second language, Swahili.
A popular reason language learners give for not speaking their target language enough is that they feel self-conscious when they try, or they are worried about embarrassing themselves in front of native speakers. Most Kenyans you meet will love to hear you speaking Swahili! I even got some compliments on my accent and grammar, even though my Swahili is far from perfect. Yes, English is the official language of Kenya Swahili is the national languageand many English-speaking tourists or expats living in Kenya get by relying only on English.
Furthermore, English-speaking Kenyans usually learn Swahili before they learn English, and therefore feel more comfortable with Swahili.
Swahili is usually ranked in Category 2 or 3 by various language learning programs when it comes to its difficulty for English speakers. However, I find it to be quite an easy language to grasp for those who have grown up speaking English, or had exposure to Eurocentric or Romance languages particularly Spanish or Italian.
Author and humorist David Sedaris expressed his frustrations with trying to remember what gender each noun has while learning French in his essay Me Talk Pretty One Day :.Kenya is an ethnically diverse country and is made up of about 40 main ethnic groups. This diverse ethnic composition makes the country a multilingual country with many different languages used within its borders.
Of these languages, Swahili and English are the two official languages as recognized by law. There are other major regional languages in the country with two of the most widely spoken being Kikuyu and Luhya languages.
Swahili is one of the major languages used in Kenya. The language is also recognized by law as the official language in the country. The Swahili language is also used as the lingua franca by most people in the country. Swahili is also recognized as the official language in the African Union and East African Community; regional bodies of which Kenya is a member country. The language is used natively by the Swahili ethnic group who inhabit the coastal region of the country.
Swahili is a Bantu language which is categorized under the Niger-Congo language family. The earliest documents written in Swahili were letters written in using the Arabic script. There are numerous dialects of Swahili language which exist along the Kenyan coast including Kivumba native to the southern coastMambrui native to Malindiand Kimvita native to Mombasa. The Swahili language is incorporated into the Kenyan education system and is a mandatory subject taught up to high school level of education.
English is the other language which is recognized by law as the official language in Kenya. English was introduced in the country after Kenya became a British colony in the 19th century. English is the primary language used in formal conversations in the country and is also the language used in the drafting of legal documents and during court proceedings. English has few native speakers in the country, most of whom are expatriates from England or the United States.
English is also one of the main languages used in both print and electronic media. The Kenyan education system is primarily based on English with the language being used as the language of instruction in all the main subjects except Swahili. Kikuyu is one of the major regional languages in the country. The language is the native language among members of the Agikuyu ethnic group who reside in the central region of the country.
Luhya is another major regional language spoken in Kenya. Luhya language is native to the Luhya ethnic group whose members are predominantly found in the western region of the country. The total number of native Luhya speakers in Kenya is estimated to be 1.
The Largest Cities in Canada.Swahili is the most spoken language in Africa, with over million speakers.
Also known as Kiswahili, the language is a Bantu language believed to have originated from other languages, specifically languages not native to Africa such as Arabic and Portuguese, following historical East African interactions with speakers of those languages. Shikomor, an official language in Comoros and spoken in Mayotte Shimaoreis also related to Swahili.
Swahili, unlike other African languages, is not tonal, making it very easy to learn. It is also written in the Latin alphabet. Swahili, like many African languages, has dialects but interestingly some Swahili some dialects are so varied that other Swahili speakers cannot discern even though they may be in the same country.
Swahili is an official language in Uganda but outside the capital Kampala, the language is hardly ever spoken as it carries dreadful sentiments for the people. In most cultures, the clock, also the day, starts at midnight but not in Swahili. Their day starts at 6 or 7 am and this has been explained as a consequence of the equatorial placement of the countries that speak the language.
Basically, the time is measured from sunrise to sunset. This geographic phenomenon happens at the same time in all countries where Swahili is spoken in Africa. Interestingly, Ethiopians often use the Swahili clock although it is not a Swahili-speaking country. We know Swahili is easy to learn because it is not a tonal language. However, it is also easy to read as words are pronounced as they are written, just like in Latin. The earliest piece of written Swahili documents dates to They were letters written in the Kilwa region.
These letters were written to the Portuguese people of Mozambique and other local allies. To date, the remains of the documents are preserved in the Historical Archive of Goa in India. Swahili is famous for its idioms and proverbs that take the form of Mathali. Methali is a play on words, puns and lyrical rhyming and a very dominant feature of the Swahili language.
Local rappers and musicians often employ methali in their music. Credit: face2faceafrica. See more. Your email address will not be published. Please input characters displayed above. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Latest Popular Hot Trending.Even for a continent with 54 very different countriesAfrica has a lot of languages.
It is estimated that between 1, and 2, languages are spoken here, many with their own set of varying dialects.
A Guide to African Languages Listed by Country
To make things even more confusing, in many countries the official language is not the same as the lingua franca — that is, the language spoken by the majority of its citizens. If you're planning a trip to Africait's a good idea to research both the official language and the lingua franca of the country or region you're traveling to.
That way, you can attempt to learn a few keywords or phrases before you go. This can be difficult — especially when a language isn't written phonetically like Afrikaansor includes click consonants like Xhosa — but making an effort will be greatly appreciated by the people you meet on your travels.
If you're traveling to an ex-colony like MozambiqueEquatorial Guinea or Senegalyou'll find that European languages can also come in handy. However, be prepared for the Portuguese, Spanish or French that you hear there to sound quite different than it would in Europe. In this article, we look at the official and most widely spoken languages in every African country, from Algeria to Zimbabwe.
Official Language: Portuguese. There are approximately 38 indigenous languages in Angolaincluding Umbundu, Kikongo, and Chokwe. Official Language: French. There are 55 languages in Benin, the most popular of which are Fon and Yoruba in the south and Beriba and Dendi in the north. Official Language: English. In addition to French, there are more than 60 indigenous languages in Burkina Faso of which Mossi is the most widely spoken.
Official Languages: Kurundi, French and English. Of its three official languages, Kurundi is the one spoken by the majority of Burundi's population. Official Languages: English and French. There are almost languages in Cameroon. Of the two official languages, French is by far the most widely spoken, while other important regional tongues include Fang and Cameroonian Pidgin English. Official Languages: French and Sangho.
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